Dr. Folusho M. BALOGUN


 Folusho M Balogun

Name:  Folusho M. BALOGUN

DesignationSenior Research Fellow
Department:Institute of Child Health
Phone Number:+234 8128797778

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Brief Biography:

I am a paediatrician with public health background. My main research interest is in child and adolescent health in the developing regions. Specifically, I am interested in the epidemiology of common child and adolescent health problems and the design of home-grown, culturally acceptable and evidence-based strategies to address these problems. These interests include understanding vaccine hesitancy within the local context and improvement of vaccination uptake; the exploration of adolescent sexuality problems and its interaction with the use of technology. I am also interested in the development of relevant interventions to promote normal development in adolescence. I have interest in health service research, specifically adolescent health service delivery processes and the promotion of safety in healthcare settings for children and adolescents. I am using my background knowledge of the epidemiology of these diseases coupled with the knowledge of community organization and culture to design relevant interventions. I have been able to provide new insights into some of these health problems and also devised novel strategies to address some of them.


Current Research and Capacity Building Projects including Grants

1.Title: Effect of asymptomatic malaria on the physical development and cognitive function of secondary school adolescents in Ibadan
Funders: Bassir Thomas Biomedical Foundation award for early career researchers.
Brief Summary: Asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum malaria has been associated with poor growth and cognitive performance among under-fives but the effect it has on similar parameters among adolescents is yet to be documented. It is also assumed that asymptomatic malaria may contribute to reduced productivity in Africa. This study seeks to look at the effect of asymptomatic Plasmodium falciparum on secondary school adolescents’ physical (using anthropometric parameters) and cognitive development (using abstract thinking test) in Ibadan. The result of this study may add to the voice of intermittent preventive therapy for malaria among adolescents.
Role: Principal Investigator
Collaborators: Dr. Subulade A. Ademola


2. Title: Understanding and acceptability of human Papilloma virus vaccine for adolescents by parents and other stakeholders in selected communities in Ibadan, Nigeria
Funders: Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa Fellowship award for African academics (in support of PhD programs to ensure world class research that makes positive impact on Population and Public Health).
Brief Summary: Cervical cancer, mostly caused by the human Papilloma virus (HPV) is one of the leading women specific cancer in Africa and the HPV vaccine has been identified as an effective preventive measure when administered in adolescence. It is important to understand the perception of Nigerians about the cancer and vaccine and how acceptable the vaccine is to them to guide in the introduction of the vaccine in the country. This study explored the understanding of community members about cervical cancer, the HPV vaccine and their acceptability of its use in adolescents. Results from focus group discussions and key informant interviews were used to design a questionnaire based on the Integrated Behavioural Model and Discrete choice experiment. These were used to investigate the intention of parents to vaccinate their adolescents with the HPV vaccine and the preferences and willingness to pay for HPV vaccine by different community members.
Role: Principal Investigator


3. Title: Epidemiology of Pediatric Medical Errors in a South West Nigerian Tertiary Hospital: A Baseline for Patient Safety Interventions
Funders: Translational research and fellowship grant awarded by the College Research and Innovation Management, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.
Brief Summary: Medical errors are failures of planned action or omission in patient management with potential for patient harm. These errors are especially egregious in vulnerable patient sub populations like the pediatric age group in developing settings. There is a paucity of data on medical errors in Nigeria, making it difficult to initiate globally acceptable and locally appropriate solutions. An understanding the epidemiology of medical errors will help in designing interventions which would reduce the occurrence of errors and attendant consequences. This study therefore aims to determine the prevalence and types of pediatric medication errors and explore health workers knowledge, attitude and experiences of such errors at the University College Hospital, Ibadan. It will also assess the existing institutional capacity to handle these errors.
Role: Principal Investigator


4. Title: Ensuring infant immunization timeliness and completion in urban slums through older women’s participation
Funders: Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Round 20 Grand Challenge Exploration grant.
Brief Summary: Ensuring infant immunization timeliness and completion in urban slums through older women’s participation (Role: Principal investigator). Infant immunization uptake and completion have remained suboptimal in Nigeria despite different health education strategies that have been employed in the past. The identified factors responsible for this include maternal illiteracy and living in socioeconomically disadvantaged communities. These factors are evident in urban slum settings where health indices have been shown to be worse than those in rural areas. The training and formal involvement of older women in infant vaccination resulted in improved timeliness and completion of infant vaccination in urban slums.
Role: Principal Investigator




1. Balogun, F. M., Omokhodion, S. I. (2015) Nutritional profiles and selected parental factors among children with congenital heart diseases in Ibadan, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Cardiology 12. No. 2 :89-94.

2. Balogun, F. M., Jarrett, O. O. (2015) Atypical presentations of hypothyroidism and associated problems in Ibadan, Nigeria. African Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences 44:187-190.

3. Balogun, F. M., Owoaje, E. T. (2015) How acceptable are the prevention of mother to child transmission (PMTCT) of HIV services among pregnant women in a secondary health facility in Ibadan, Nigeria? Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine 13 No. 1:17-22.

4. Balogun F. M., Alohan A. O., Orimadegun A. E. Self-reported sleep pattern, quality and problems among schooling adolescents in Southwestern Nigeria. Sleep Medicine 2017 Vol.30:245-250.

5. Olatunde O., Balogun F. Sexting: Prevalence, predictors and associated sexual risk behaviors among post secondary school young people in Ibadan, Nigeria. Frontiers in Public Health 2017 Vol. 5:96. Doi:10.3389/fpubh. 2017.00096.

6. Ajide K. B., Balogun F. M. Knowledge of HIV and intention to engage in risky sexual behaviour and practices among senior school adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. Archives of Basic and Applied Medicine 2018 Vol. 6 No. 1: 3 – 8.

7. Morakinyo O. M., Balogun F. M., Fagbamigbe A. F. Housing type and risk of malaria among under-five children in Nigeria: evidence from the malaria indicator survey. Malaria Journal 2018. Vol. 17:311. doi.org/10.1186/s12936-018-2463-6

8. Balogun F. M., Omotade O. O. “She must have been sleeping around”…: Contextual interpretations of cervical cancer and views regarding HPV vaccination for adolescents in selected communities in Ibadan, Nigeria. PLoS ONE 2018 Vol. 13: e0203950. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0203950

9. Balogun J. A., Adekanmbi A., Balogun F. M. Recognition and Disclosure of Medical Errors Among Residents in Surgical Specialties in a Tertiary Hospital in Ibadan. World Journal of Surgery 2019 Vol. 43:717–722.

10. Balogun F. M., The state of adolescent immunization in Nigeria: A wake up call for all stakeholders. The Pan African Medical Journal. 2019 Vol. 33:294. doi:10.11604/pamj.2019.33.294.18940.

11. Balogun J. A., Akwada O., Awana E., Balogun F. M. Access to the Intensive Care Unit by Severe Head injury Patients. Neurosci Rural Pract 2019 Vol. 10:666–671.

12. Adeleke O., Balogun F. M. Perception of in-school adolescents about adolescent-friendly characteristics of healthcare services received in Ibadan metropolis, Nigeria. Annals of Ibadan Postgraduate Medicine 2019 Vol. 17:162-172.

13. Nwaiwu C., Balogun F. M. Perceived societal view about condom use and risky sexual behaviour of never-married in-school adolescents in Ibadan, Nigeria. Nig. J. Child Adol. Health 2019 Vol. 2: 43-56.

14. Balogun F. M., Olatunde O. E. Prevalence and predictors of problematic smart phone use among pre-varsity young people in Ibadan, Nigeria. The Pan African Medical Journal. 2020 Vol. 36:285.

15. Junaid O, Balogun F., Experiences with adolescent health service provision and perceived barriers of adolescent friendly health services in Ibadan, Nigeria: Health care providers’ perspective. Nig. J. Child Adol. Health 2020 Vol. 3: 15-26.

16. Balogun F.M., Bamidele O.S., Bamgboye E.A. Effect of intensive training in improving older women's knowledge and support for infant vaccination in Nigerian urban slums: a before-and-after intervention study. BMC Public Health. 2021 Vol. 21:266. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-021-10310-0.

17. Balogun F. M., Malele-Kolisa Y., Nieuwoudt S. J., Jepngetich H., Kiplagat, J., Morakinyo O. M., Dawa J., Chandiwana N., Chikandiwa A., Akinyemi O., Olusanya B. A., Afolabi E. K., Dube N., Obembe T., Karumi E., Ndikumana C., Bukenya J. N., Chikalipo M., Ayamolowo S. J., Shema E., Kapanda L., Maniragaba F., Khuluza F., Zakumumpa H., Mbada K., Sang H., Kaindoa E. Experiences of doctoral students enrolled in a research fellowship program to support doctoral training in Africa (2014 to 2018): The Consortium for Advanced Research Training in Africa odyssey. PLoS ONE 2021 Vol. 16: e0252863. https://doi.org/ 10.1371/journal.pone.0252863.

18. Fagbamigbe A. F., Morakinyo O. M., Balogun F. M. Sex inequality in under-five deaths and associated factors in low and middle- income countries: a Fairlie decomposition. BMC Public Health 2022 Vol. 22:334, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-12679-y.

19. Balogun F. M., Omotade O. O. Parental intention to vaccinate adolescents with HPV vaccine in selected communities in Ibadan, Southwest Nigeria: an application of Integrated Behavioral Model. Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics 2022. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2022.2069959 7

20. Balogun F. M., Omotade O. O. Facilitators and barriers of healthcare workers’ recommendation of HPV vaccine for adolescents in Nigeria: views through the lens of theoretical domains framework. BMC Health Services Research 2022. Vol. 22:824, https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-022-08224-7




1. 2013 – 2015: Six (6) Postgraduate Students of the Master of Public Health in Child and
Adolescent Health, Institute of Child Health, University of Ibadan.

2. Current students : Three (3) students of the Master of Public Health in Child and
Adolescent Health, Institute of Child Health, University of Ibadan are under my supervision.


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