Published on: 10th February, 2023.
There is little available information on how Nigerians who were exposed to SARS-CoV-2 and those who were vaccinated against SARS-CoV-2 responded by producing appropriate protective proteins (antibodies). We also do not know whether age or gender affects the response. We carried out this novel research with a goal of determining the possibility of achieving community protection (herd immunity) against the small microbe causing COVID - 19 and if community studies on the protective response (sero-epidemiological survey) could strengthen immunization policies in Niegria.
In this study, we evaluated the presence of two protective proteins (IgM and IgG) in the blood samples of the people participating in the research using a cheap and easy-to-use kit that gives results within a few minutes. This novel approach did not require so much expertise, electricity, medical equipment, and laboratory space and is very appropriate for resource- limited countries settings as we have in Nigeria and many other African countries.
Read more: SEROPREVALENCE OF ANTI-SARS-COV-2 SPECIFIC ANTIBODIES IN VACCINATED AND VACCINE NAÏVE ADULT...
Published on: 23rd September, 2022.
Oral health is a well-recognized key component of the overall health and well-being, yet, suffers neglect in healthcare planning among Low and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). Oral disease constitutes a silent epidemic, especially among disadvantaged populations such as those living in the slums of LMICs. Slums are characterized by crowded, unhealthy places with a high risk of infection and injury while the residents are often marginalized and have limited access to basic services. Slum settlements provide homes for about 1 billion world population and in Nigeria, the population is estimated to be almost half of the entire country. While research points to a higher general disease burden among slum dwellers, compared to their non-slum urban or rural counterparts, little knowledge exists about the slum dwellers' oral disease burden. An understanding of oral disease distribution and severity in different settings can aid the planning of appropriate intervention strategies.
Read more: PREVALENCE AND DETERMINANTS OF ORAL HEALTH CONDITIONS AND TREATMENT NEEDS AMONG SLUM AND NON-SLUM...
Published on: 4th February, 2022.
In the wake of the coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic, the authors (Ozer… Adewumi et al., 2022), here identified and longitudinally monitored the circulating variants of the etiologic agent, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in Nigeria using genomic surveillance and molecular analysis techniques. We reported sequences from 378 SARS-CoV-2 isolates collected in Oyo State, Nigeria between July 2020 and August 2021. Prior to our submission, Nigeria had a total of only 856 sequences in the GISAID database, thus our submissions increased reporting by nearly 50%.
Read more: MULTIPLE EXPANSIONS OF GLOBALLY UNCOMMON SARS-COV-2 LINEAGES IN NIGERIA
Published on: 11th March, 2022.
Autism spectrum disorder (ASD), is a heterogeneous group of neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impairments in verbal and non-verbal expressive speech, deficits in social interaction and hyper-focused repetitive behaviors from childhood. Although the prevalence of the disorder is increasing globally, the causes and pathophysiology of ASD are not fully understood. There is a general agreement that ASD could result from interaction between genetic and environmental factors with oxidative stress as a potential link. Hence, development of oxidative stress especially in the formative years of children has equally gained prominence as the basis of the disorder. Oxidative stress determined by imbalance in oxidant/antioxidant ratio was investigated in children clinically diagnosed for ASD (cases) according to DSM-IV-TR and neuro-typical children (controls). We also determined levels of essential metals [magnesium, zinc, and copper] and toxic metal, lead in the cohort. We found an imbalance of oxidant/antioxidant system causing production of reactive oxygen species (a highly destructively group of free radicals) in the children with ASD compared to the control group. This may be very significant as a precipitating agent of structural damage and attendant disruption in transduction and transmission of signals across neurons especially in sensitive organs like the brain in the developing child. Findings in this work underscore the need for optimal intake of Zn and Mg especially by pregnant women in order to mitigate consequent damages to sensitive organs like the brain in the developing child.
Read more: OXIDATIVE STRESS INDICES IN ASD CHILDREN IN SUB-SAHARA AFRICA
Published on: 8th January, 2022
Stroke is the second leading cause of death globally and is a huge public health burden of growing importance.
In 2011, the UN resolution and the WHO Global NCD Action Plan 2013–2030 called on all governments to give primary prevention of non-communicable diseases, including stroke, the highest priority of all diseases.
This health policy publication presented an assessment of the state of stroke prevention services globally including a systematic review of primary prevention strategies and current guidelines. The authors evaluated the economic implication of stroke, enumerated gaps in primary stroke prevention, and provided novel evidence-based pragmatic solutions within a cost framework that policy makers can use to reduce the burden of stroke across the globe, especially in low and middle income countries (LMICs).
Read more: PRIMARY STROKE PREVENTION WORLDWIDE: TRANSLATING EVIDENCE INTO ACTION
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